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On the Distributional Effects of Income in an Aggregate Consumption Relation


  • Manisha Chakrabarty

    () (Keele University, Department of Economics)

  • Anke Schmalenbach

    () (Department of Economics, University of Bonn)

  • Jeffrey Racine

    () (Department of Economics, Syracuse University)


In this paper we analyze the relevance of characteristics of the income distribution in an aggregate consumption relation. In particular, we use a statistical distributional approach toward aggregation in order to model the aggregate consumption relation of a heterogeneous population, and apply it to UK-Family Expenditure Survey data for the years 1974-1993. We consider a nonparametric estimation methodology, which accounts for the presence of continuous and discrete variables, and, for comparison purposes, a linear parametric method. A bootstrap test on the nonparametrically estimated parameters suggests that, in addition to the mean, the dispersion of income is also relevant. Additionally, the time-invariance of the parameters of the aggregate relation is rejected. These findings have important implications for constructing empirically sound models of aggregate consumption expenditure.

Suggested Citation

  • Manisha Chakrabarty & Anke Schmalenbach & Jeffrey Racine, 2004. "On the Distributional Effects of Income in an Aggregate Consumption Relation," Keele Economics Research Papers KERP 2004/09, Centre for Economic Research, Keele University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kee:kerpuk:2004/09

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    Cited by:

    1. Michal Paluch & Alois Kneip & Werner Hildenbrand, 2007. "Individual versus Aggregate Income Elasticities for Heterogeneous Populations," Bonn Econ Discussion Papers bgse13_2007, University of Bonn, Germany.
    2. Petr JakubĂ­k, 2011. "Household Balance Sheets and Economic Crisis," Working Papers IES 2011/20, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Jun 2011.
    3. Jakubik, Petr, 2011. "Households response to economic crisis," BOFIT Discussion Papers 7/2011, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.

    More about this item


    Aggregate Consumption; Heterogeneity; Dispersion; Local Linear Regression; Average Derivative;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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