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Approaching the Agora - Determinants of Scientists' Intentions to Purse Academic Entrepreneurship

Author

Listed:
  • Maximilian Goethner

    () (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Economics, DFG RTG 1411 "The Economics of Innovative Change")

  • Martin Obschonka

    (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Developmental Psychology)

  • Rainer K. Silbereisen

    (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Developmental Psychology)

  • Uwe Cantner

    (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Economics, DFG RTG 1411 "The Economics of Innovative Change")

Abstract

This study investigates predictors of scientists' intentions to commercialize their research through business founding. Analyzing a cross-sectional sample of 496 German scientists, we develop and test an intentions-based model of academic entrepreneurship combining personal and contextual factors. Empirical results demonstrate that intentions to start a science-based new venture are shaped by some personal characteristics (i.e., personal attitudes toward research commercialization, entrepreneurial control-beliefs, entrepreneurial self-identity, and prior entrepreneurial experience). Moreover, we find that the research context itself - i.e., normative influences of academic workplace peers - does not show a strong direct effect on entrepreneurial intentions. Moderator analyses deliver that peers have an influence primarily by person-context interactions via scientists' sense of identification with these peers. A mediation analysis further indicates that gender-related differences in entrepreneurial control-beliefs might help explain the widely-observed low proportion of female scientist-entrepreneurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Maximilian Goethner & Martin Obschonka & Rainer K. Silbereisen & Uwe Cantner, 2009. "Approaching the Agora - Determinants of Scientists' Intentions to Purse Academic Entrepreneurship," Jena Economic Research Papers 2009-079, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  • Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2009-079
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    Keywords

    Academic entrepreneurship; Entrepreneurial intentions; Entrepreneurial scientist; University-industry technology transfer; Theory of planned behavior; Gender;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions

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