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The Taiwan Strait Crisis of 1954-55 and U.S.-R.O.C Relations


  • Matsumoto, I. Haruka


On September 3, 1954, Chinese artillery began shelling Quemoy (Jinmen), one of theKuomintang-held offshore islands, setting off the first Taiwan Strait Crisis. This paper focuses on the crisis and analyzes the following three questions: (1) What was the policy the U.S. took towards the Republic of China (R.O.C), especially towards the offshore islands, to try to end the Taiwan Strait Crisis? (2) What were the intentions of the U.S. government in trying to end the Taiwan Strait Crisis? And (3) how should U.S. policy towards the R.O.C. which led to solving the Taiwan Strait Crisis be positioned in the history of Sino-American relations? Through analysis of these questions, this study concludes that the position the U.S. took to bring an end to crisis,one which prevented China from “liberating Taiwan” and the Kuomintang from“attacking the mainland,” brought about the existence of a de facto “two-China”situation.

Suggested Citation

  • Matsumoto, I. Haruka, 2010. "The Taiwan Strait Crisis of 1954-55 and U.S.-R.O.C Relations," IDE Discussion Papers 223, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper223

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Norlela Ariffin & Paulo Figueiredo, 2004. "Internationalization of innovative capabilities: counter-evidence from the electronics industry in Malaysia and Brazil," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 559-583.
    2. Dahlman, Carl J. & Ross-Larson, Bruce & Westphal, Larry E., 1987. "Managing technological development: Lessons from the newly industrializing countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 759-775, June.
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    More about this item


    Taiwan Strait Crisis; Quemoy; Jinmen; U.S.-R.O.C. Relations; Two-China; Taiwan; China; United States; International Relations; Foreign Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • Z - Other Special Topics

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