The Experience of the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) : Political Parties in Kenya from 1991 to 2007
This paper first examines splits and mergers among Kenyaâ€™s political parties (and inner-party factions) from the restoration of a multi-party system in 1991 until 2007, before the turbulent 10th general elections were conducted. It then considers what functions â€œpolitical partiesâ€ have in Kenya with special reference to the period since 2002, the year in which President Moi announced his intention to retire. A look back at NARCâ€™s five years of rule reveals that, although it succeeded in changing the government, NARC, as a â€œpolitical party,â€ remained throughout an organization without any real substance. The paper looks at (1) NARCâ€™s de facto split after its overwhelming win in the ninth general election, (2) malfunctions of the anti-defection laws that were introduced in the 1960s, and (3) Kenyaâ€™s election rules that require candidates to be nominated by registered political parties in general elections. The paper proceeds to argue that as a result of the operation of these three elements, Kenyaâ€™s political parties, and especially the victorious coalition sides, tend to end up being nothing more than temporary vehicles for political elites angling for post-election posts.
|Date of creation:||Feb 2010|
|Publication status:||Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 222. 2010. 02|
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