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Die ökonomischen Eigenschaften von Software

Author

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  • Sebastian von Engelhardt

    () (University of Jena, Faculty of Economics)

Abstract

Software ist ein Gut, welches besondere ökonomische Eigenschaften aufweist. In diesem Artikel werden - ausgehend von einer allgemeinen Definition des Gutes Software - systematisch zentrale ökonomische Eigenschaften herausgearbeitet, welche Implikationen für die Produktion und Kostenstruktur, die Nachfrage, der Bestreitbarkeit von Softwaremärkten und der Allokationseffizienz haben. Dabei hat es sich als sinnvoll erwiesen, die einzelnen Eigenschaften unter folgende Oberbegriffe zu subsummieren: Software als System zur Datenverarbeitung, Software als System von Befehlen bzw. Anweisungen, Software als rekombinierbares System, Software als ein nur in diskreten Einheiten nutzbares Gut, Software als komplexes System und Software als ein immaterielles Gut. Es zeigt sich, dass Software eine Fülle von ökonomisch relevanten Eignschaften aufweist, die von Netzwerkeffekten über subadditiver Nutzenfunktion bis hin zur Nichtrivalität reichen. Besonders hervorzuheben ist, dass Software sich von anderen Informationsgütern fundamental unterscheidet: Zum Einen fehlt ein aus Kundensicht relevanter additiver Nutzen, zum Anderen ist der durchschnittliche Nutzer/Konsument lediglich an dem Funktionieren der Algorithmen interessiert, nicht aber an der zugrundeliegenden Information.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebastian von Engelhardt, 2006. "Die ökonomischen Eigenschaften von Software," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft (Expired!) 14/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  • Handle: RePEc:jen:jenasw:2006-14
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Danny Quah, 2003. "Digital Goods and the New Economy," CEP Discussion Papers dp0563, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    2. Markus Pasche & Sebastian von Engelhardt, 2004. "Volkswirtschaftliche Aspekte der Open-Source-Softwareentwicklung," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft (Expired!) 18/2004, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    3. Katz, Michael L & Shapiro, Carl, 1985. "Network Externalities, Competition, and Compatibility," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 424-440, June.
    4. Jürgen Bitzer, 1997. "The Computer Industry in East and West: Do Eastern European Countries Need a Specific Science and Technology Policy?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 148, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jens J. Krüger & Kristina Dreßler, 2006. "Knowledge, Profitability and Exit of German Car Manufacturing Firms," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft (Expired!) 15/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    2. Holger Graf & Tobias Henning, 2009. "Public Research in Regional Networks of Innovators: A Comparative Study of Four East German Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(10), pages 1349-1368, December.
    3. Uwe Cantner & Andreas Meder, 2006. "Determinants influencing the choice of a cooperation partner," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft (Expired!) 20/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    4. Armin Scholl & Nils Boysen & Malte Fliedner, 2006. "The sequence-dependent assembly line balancing problem," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft (Expired!) 18/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    5. Simon Renaud, 2006. "Works Councils and Heterogeneous Firms," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft (Expired!) 16/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    additiver Nutzen; binäre Nachfrage; digitale Güter; Erfahrungsgut; Humankapital; Informationgut; Kompatibilität; Komplexität; Netzwerkeffekte; Nichtrivalität im Konsum; Open Source; Rekombinierbarkeit; Software; subadditive Kostenfunktion; Wissen;

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • K11 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Property Law
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software

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    1. Portal:Freie Software/Literatur in Wikipedia German ne '')
    2. Software in Wikipedia German ne '')

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