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Ökonomische Ursachen und Folgen von Migration

Author

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  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    () (IZA and University of Bonn)

Abstract

Der Beitrag gibt einen Einblick in das ökonomische Verständnis der Ursachen und Folgen wirtschaftlich bedingter Migration. In ökonomischen Systemen ist Arbeitskräftemobilität für die Verbesserung der Allokation und der Verteilung der volkswirtschaftlichen Ressourcen sehr wesentlich. Angesichts eines wachsenden Fachkräftemangels bei weiter hoher Arbeitslosigkeit unter gering Qualifizierten bleibt die Anwerbung internationaler und europäischer Fachkräfte eine zentrale politische Gestaltungsaufgabe für jede Volkswirtschaft. Der Beitrag schließt deshalb mit einer Bewertung der neuesten Initiativen zur Steuerung qualifizierter Zuwanderung in Deutschland und Österreich.

Suggested Citation

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2012. "Ökonomische Ursachen und Folgen von Migration," IZA Standpunkte 47, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp47
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    File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/sp47.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ludger Wößmann, 2006. "Bildungspolitische Lehren aus den internationalen Schülertests: Wettbewerb, Autonomie und externe Leistungsüberprüfung," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, pages 417-444.
    2. Eichhorst, Werner & Marx, Paul & Thode, Eric, 2009. "Report No. 22: Arbeitsmarkt und Beschäftigung in Deutschland 2000-2009: Beschäftigungserfolge bei steigender Differenzierung," IZA Research Reports 22, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Eichhorst, Werner & Marx, Paul, 2009. "Reforming German Labor Market Institutions: A Dual Path to Flexibility," IZA Discussion Papers 4100, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Eichhorst, Werner & Thode, Eric, 2010. "Report No. 30: Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf 2010," IZA Research Reports 30, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    Cited by:

    1. Bünstorf, Guido & Krabel, Stefan, 2014. "Gender and Immigration: Double Negative Effects in the Labor Market Outcomes of University Graduates in Germany?," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100290, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Zuwanderungspolitik; Arbeitsmigration; Integration; Ungleichheit; Punktesystem; Demografischer Wandel;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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