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Fertility in Sub-Saharan African Countries with Consideration to Health and Poverty

Author

Listed:
  • Jeon, Yongil

    () (Central Michigan University)

  • Rhyu, Sang-Young

    () (Yonsei University)

  • Shields, Michael P.

    () (Central Michigan University)

Abstract

Fertility has begun to fall in Sub-Saharan Africa but it remains high on average and particularly for a few countries. This paper examines African fertility using a panel data set of 47 Sub-Saharan countries between 1962 and 2003. Fixed and random country effect estimates are made in models where the explanatory variables are suggested by the theory of the demographic transition as modified by Caldwell. Special attention is paid to the economic status of women, urbanization, the poverty level, and the health of the population including total health expenditures and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. The results support Caldwell’s hypothesis and are generally supportive of hypothesis that a fertility transition is occurring. HIV/AIDS is found to have a negative impact on fertility.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeon, Yongil & Rhyu, Sang-Young & Shields, Michael P., 2008. "Fertility in Sub-Saharan African Countries with Consideration to Health and Poverty," IZA Discussion Papers 3526, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3526
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice A. Asongu, 2013. "How Would Population Growth Affect Investment in the Future? Asymmetric Panel Causality Evidence for Africa," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 25(1), pages 14-29, March.
    2. Stephen M. Miller & Kyriakos C. Neanidis, 2012. "Demographic Transition and Economic Welfare: The Role of Humanitarian Aid," Working papers 2012-06, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    3. Pierre-Richard Agénor, 2015. "Public capital, health persistence and poverty traps," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 115(2), pages 103-131, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fertility; health; Africa; poverty; infant mortality;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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