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Trade, Technology and Labour Markets: Empirical Controversies in the Light of the Jones Model

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  • Pflüger, Michael P.

    () (University of Würzburg)

Abstract

The deterioration of the income and employment position of unskilled workers in the OECD area since the 1980s is a well-documented fact. The debate about the causes of this development is dominated by two competing hypotheses, "North-South Trade" or "globalisation" and technological progress. Several empirical strategies have been used to identify the importance of technological and globalisation shocks: factor content analyses, consistency checks, regression analyses and numerical methods. However, no consensus has been achieved so far and there is considerable methodological controversy. This paper uses the Jones model as theoretical backbone to identify and settle the sources of disagreement, to consolidate recent results, to derive new insights and to provide an integrative assessment of the different empirical strategies.

Suggested Citation

  • Pflüger, Michael P., 2001. "Trade, Technology and Labour Markets: Empirical Controversies in the Light of the Jones Model," IZA Discussion Papers 324, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp324
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    Keywords

    wage inequality; technology; North-South Trade; unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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