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The Academic Gender Earnings Gap: The Effect of Market Salaries and Imperfect Productivity Measures


  • Paul Carlin

    () (Department of Economics, Indiana Unviersity-Purdue University Indianapolis)

  • Michael Kidd
  • Patrick Rooney

    () (Department of Economics, Indiana Unviersity-Purdue University Indianapolis)

  • Brian Denton


The paper contributes to the growing literature on wage determination within academia. The data arise from a pay-equity study carried out in a single Midwestern U.S. university over the 1996-7 academic year. The focus is upon understanding differences between male-female pay, and in particular why females earn approximately 20% less than their male counterparts. Do gender differences in the balance between research, teaching and service hold the key? Econometric results suggest that objective measures of productivity and subjective peer review ratings both play a significant role in male earnings determination. Interestingly academic productivity, however measured, fails to plays a significant role in the female wage specifications.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Carlin & Michael Kidd & Patrick Rooney & Brian Denton, 2007. "The Academic Gender Earnings Gap: The Effect of Market Salaries and Imperfect Productivity Measures," Working Papers wp200703, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:iup:wpaper:wp200703

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    Gender; Earnings Gap; Productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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