Relaxing the Assumptions of Minimum-Variance Hedging
The most important minimum-variance hedging ration assumptions are (a) that production is deterministic and (b) that all of the agentÂ’'s wealth is invested in the cash position. Stochastic production greatly reduces optimal hedge ratios. An alternative investment greatly reduces opportunity costs of not hedging by Â“"diluting"Â” the cash position. Stochastic production and/or alternative investments render the costs associated with hedging relatively more important, yielding almost negligible net benefits of hedging. Hence, hedging costs typically dismiss in hedging models for being seemingly negligible are important determinants of hedging behavior.
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|Date of creation:||01 Jul 1996|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, July 1996, vol. 21, pp. 39-55|
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- Lence, Sergio H. & Kimle, Kevin & Hayenga, Marvin L., 1993.
"A Dynamic Minimum Variance Hedge,"
Staff General Research Papers
10833, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Kroll, Yoram & Levy, Haim & Markowitz, Harry M, 1984. " Mean-Variance versus Direct Utility Maximization," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 39(1), pages 47-61, March.
- Benninga, Simon & Eldor, Rafael & Zilcha, Itzhak, 1983. "Optimal hedging in the futures market under price uncertainty," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 13(2-3), pages 141-145.
- Lence, Sergio H., 1995. "The Economic Value of Minimum-Variance Hedges," Staff General Research Papers 5053, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Tomek, William G., 1987. "Effects of Futures and Options Trading on Farm Incomes," Staff Papers 186718, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
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