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A classification of European NUTS3 regions

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Abstract

Over the years a number of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reforms have led to the emergence of a CAP chapter specifically dedicated to rural development, also referred as Pillar 2, and have resulted in a progressive switch of CAP budget from Pillar 1 (i.e. direct support to farmers, including direct payments and other instruments for market regulation) to Pillar 2. Approximately 23 per cent of the CAP should be allocated to rural development measures during the period 2014-2020. The recent development of Pillar 2 calls for further research on the impact assessment of such policies. Unfortunately, the diversity of rural situations across Europe has complicated the empirical studies of the impacts of rural development and often makes any comparison between regions rather trivial. The main objective of this report is the creation of a classification of 1303 NUTS3 regions, which reflects the heterogeneity of NUTS3 characteristics in the EU. This classification is multidimensional. In particular, the typology is based on the following set of four criteria: Rural Character, Accessibility, Actual economic diversification and Total Gross Domestic Product per capita. Such classification will facilitate the comparison of rural development policy impacts between regions of interest across Europe.

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  • Meri Raggi & Fabien Santini & Sergio Gomez y Paloma & Sébastien Mary, 2013. "A classification of European NUTS3 regions," JRC Working Papers JRC85163, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
  • Handle: RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc85163
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    File URL: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC85163
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    1. Peter Weingarten & Stefan Neumeier & Andrew Copus & Demetrios Psaltopoulos & Dimitris Skuras & Eudokia Balamou, 2010. "Building a Typology of European Rural Areas for the Spatial Impact Assessment of Policies (TERA-SIAP)," JRC Working Papers JRC58493, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
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    Cited by:

    1. M. Alejandro Cardenete & M. Carmen Delgado & Patricia D. Fuentes & M. Carmen Lima & Alfredo J. Mainar & Jose M. Rueda-Cantuche & Sébastien Mary & Fabien Santini & Sergio Gomez y Paloma, 2015. "Rural-urban social accounting matrixes for modelling the impact of rural development policies in the EU," JRC Working Papers JRC94394, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    2. Francisco J. Goerlich & Ernest Reig & Isidro Cantarino, 2016. "Delimitación y características de las áreas rurales en los municipios y las provincias españolas," Working Papers 1606, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.

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    Keywords

    Rural Development; Classification; NUTS3 regions; European Union; Cluster analysis;

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