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Governos Estaduais no Ambiente Federativo Inaugurado pela Constituição Federal de 1988: Aspectos Políticos e Institucionais de uma Atuação Constrangida

  • Ricardo Ismael
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    O artigo discute o papel dos governos estaduais no federalismo brasileiro posterior à Constituição Federal (CF) de 1988, muito marcado pela presença de mecanismos cooperativos e competitivos na relação entre a União e os estados e destes entre si. Os governos estaduais perderam peso político na medida em que o governo federal ganhou legitimidade no processo político-eleitoral, estabeleceu uma base política aliada estável no Congresso Nacional, avançou na direção de maior controle sobre as finanças públicas subnacionais, no governo Fernando Henrique Cardoso, e ampliou seus poderes na produção de políticas públicas, no governo Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Não é desejável retornar aos anos 1980, quando alguns enxergaram um federalismo de governadores, mas também não podemos deixar prosperar alguns aspectos presentes nas duas décadas anteriores, como a desconfiança permanente em relação aos gastos estaduais e um cenário federativo no qual não se sabe onde começam e nem onde terminam os poderes da União. This paper discusses the role of the state governments in the Brazilian federative system in the post-1988 Federal Constitution period, which is much characterized by cooperative and competitive mechanisms between the Union and the states and among the states themselves. The state governments lost political stature while the federal government managed to gain legitimacy in the political and electoral processes, managed to establish a stable allied political basis in the National Congress, as well as to move towards a higher level of control over the subnational public finances in the Fernando Henrique government and to broaden its powers in the formulation of public policies in the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva government. It is not desirable to return to a scenario similar to the one in the eighties, when one could observe a governors federative system. But we also shouldn’t let flourish some aspects that were present in the two prior decades, such as the permanent distrust in regards of the state expenses and a federative scenario in which one does not know where the Union powers start or finish.

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    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1907.

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    Length: 46 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1907
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