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Efeitos dos Pisos salariais Estaduais Sobre o Mercado de Trabalho: Uma Nova Abordagem Empírica

Listed author(s):
  • Carlos Henrique Corseuil
  • Miguel Foguel
  • Marcos Hecksher

Este trabalho avalia os efeitos dos pisos salariais introduzidos no Paraná e em São Paulo sobre alguns indicadores do mercado de trabalho. Em ambas as Unidades da Federação (UFs), são analisados três grupos ocupacionais distintos com base nos dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD) do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Conclui-se que, em um dos grupos de cada UF, a política aumentou a remuneração de trabalhadores que receberiam menos que os respectivos pisos caso estes não tivessem sido criados, sem se contrair o emprego ou se aumentar a informalidade. Em particular, a taxa de emprego parece ter até reagido de forma positiva nestes dois grupos. Nos demais agregados ocupacionais, não foi encontrado qualquer efeito significativo da legislação. A maior contribuição deste trabalho é a utilização de uma nova metodologia mais apropriada para identificar efeitos de tratamento em unidades agregadas, apresentada por Abadie, Diamond e Hainmueller (2010). This paper aims to evaluate the introduction of Brazilian regional and occupational wage floors on labor market performance. We focus on two out of five states that implemented such policy intervention, which are Paraná and São Paulo. In each region, we have analyzed data for three distinct occupational categories. Our results point that one occupational group in each region seems to be affected by the introduction of a wage floor. In both cases, the wage floor tends to lower the share of employees with wages below the floor, without producing side effect neither on employment nor on informality. In particular, employment appears to have reacted positively. It was found no significant effect of the legislation in the other occupational groups. We innovate on methodological grounds by using the synthetic control method due to Abadie, Diamond and Hainmueller (2010).

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Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1887.

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Length: 62 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1887
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