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Inflação, Desemprego e Choques Cambiais: Estimativas Var Para a Economia Brasileira

Listed author(s):
  • Bernardo Patta Schettini
  • Raphael Rocha Gouvea
  • Adolfo Sachsida

Este artigo estima um modelo Vetorial Autorregressivo (VAR) da curva de Phillips, com choques cambiais, para a economia brasileira. Foram estimadas várias especificações, com diferentes frequências de dados, que confirmaram a robustez dos resultados. Os resultados econométricos sugerem que: i) o impacto de um choque cambial na inflação (pass-through cambial) é de aproximadamente 0,04 ponto percentual (p.p.) na inflação do mês seguinte ao choque (ou 0,48 p.p. na inflação anualizada); ii) um choque médio na taxa de desemprego demora ao redor de 18 meses para desaparecer; iii) uma inovação de 0,058 p.p. na expectativa de inflação é carregada para a inflação, que atinge um máximo de 0,049 p.p. no mês seguinte ao choque (o que corresponde a um acréscimo na inflação anualizada de 0,58 p.p.); e iv) choques na série de inflação não afetam a taxa de desemprego, isto é, mais inflação não reduz a taxa de desemprego. We estimate a VAR model of the Phillips curve with an exchange rate shock to the Brazilian economy. Several different specifications, with different time frequencies, were estimated. Overall the results were robust to these changes, and can be summed up in the following: i) the pass-through to the next month inflation is around 0.04 percentage points (p.p.) (0.48 p.p. over the annualized inflation); ii) a shock on the unemployment rate lasts for 18 months; iii) a shock on the expectations are carried to the next month inflation (0.58 p.p. over the annualized inflation); and iv) a shock on the inflation rate has no effect over the unemployment rate. That is, more inflation does not reduce unemployment.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1694.

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Length: 55 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1694
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