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Expansão Econômica e Aumento da Formalização das Relações de Trabalho: Uma Abordagem Através das Contratações

  • Carlos Henrique L. Corseuil
  • Miguel N. Foguel

Este estudo investiga tanto teórica quanto empiricamente a relação entre expansão econômica e aumento do grau de formalização do mercado de trabalho brasileiro no período recente. Em termos teóricos, apresentamos um arcabouço, baseado em modelos de busca por emprego (search models), que procura explicar o aumento da formalização por meio da dinâmica de contratações de trabalhadores durante períodos de expansão da atividade econômica. As principais predições desse arcabouço são de que o grau de formalização cresce à medida que a taxa de desemprego cai e o diferencial de salários entre trabalhadores formais e informais aumenta, pelo menos no início da expansão da economia. Na parte empírica, fazemos uso dos dados da Pesquisa Mensal de Emprego (PME) do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) para testar se essas duas predições se confirmam. Os resultados obtidos corroboram em larga medida ambas as predições. We investigate both theoretically and empirically the relationship between economic expansion and the degree of formalization of the Brazilian labor market in the recent period. Based on search models, we present a theoretical framework that attempts to explain the recent increase in the share of formal employment through the dynamics of hiring strategies of firms during the period of expansion of economic activity. The main predictions of this framework are that the share of formal employment rises as the nemployment rate falls and that the wage gap between formal and informal workers increases, at least at the beginning of the economic expansion. In the empirical part, we make use of data from the Pesquisa Mensal de Emprego (PME)/Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) to check whether these two predictions are confirmed. To a large extent our results corroborate both predictions.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1571.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1571
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