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Unemployment in Kerala at the turn of the century: Insights from CDS Gulf migration studies


  • K.C. Zachariah

    (Centre for Development Studies)

  • S. Irudaya Rajan

    () (Centre for Development Studies)


This Working Paper is about the unemployment situation in Kerala. It is based on the findings of the two Gulf Migration Studies, Kerala Migration Study (KMS) and South Asia Migration Study (SMS), conducted by the authors at the Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, during the last five years. The paper gives measures of unemployment rates in the state in 1998 and 2003, examines their variation by geographic regions, such as districts and taluks, by demographic characteristics such as age, sex and marital status, by sociocultural variables such as education, religion and community, and by economic indicators of households such as remittances received, quality of housing, possession of consumer durables, etc. On the basis of the trends and differentials in the profile of the unemployed, the study provides a few insights, some quite unorthodox, on the factors associated with the increase in the unemployment rate in the state during 1998-2003. As far as possible, all the assertions and conclusions are supported by factual data from the two surveys.

Suggested Citation

  • K.C. Zachariah & S. Irudaya Rajan, 2005. "Unemployment in Kerala at the turn of the century: Insights from CDS Gulf migration studies," Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum Working Papers 374, Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:ind:cdswpp:374

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    Cited by:

    1. S.Irudaya Rajan & Bernard D Sami & S.Samuel Asir Raj, 2017. "Tamil Nadu Migration Survey 2015," Working Papers id:12075, eSocialSciences.
    2. S. Irudaya Rajan & Zachariah KC, 2009. "Costs of Basic Services in Kerala, 2007, Education, Health, Childbirth and Finance (Loans)," Working Papers id:1837, eSocialSciences.
    3. S. Irudaya Rajan & Zachariah KC, 2008. "Migration, Remittances and Short-term Trends and Long-term Implications," Working Papers id:1328, eSocialSciences.

    More about this item


    International Migration; Remittances; Unemployment; Replacement Migration; Kerala;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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