IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ilo/ilowps/994987492202676.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Exporting, importing and wages in Africa Evidence from matched employer- employee data

Author

Listed:
  • Duda-Nyczak, Marta.
  • Viegelahn, Christian,

Abstract

This paper studies wages in exporting and importing firms of the manufacturing sector in Africa, using firm-level data and employer-employee- level data from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys. We find that exporters pay on average higher wages to their workers than non-exporters. It is gains from economies of scale that explain the positive wage premium of exporters, rather than differences in skill utilization, the employment of certain types of workers, or technology transfers. In contrast, there is no evidence for a positive firm-level wage premium of importing, at least after controlling for firm age, and the wage premium of importing at the employee-level is estimated to be negative. The paper also finds indirect evidence for a weaker bargaining power of workers employed by importers. These results fit into the African context, where the comparative advantage of firms in export markets is mainly based on low costs than on quality, and where firms import predominantly out of necessity than out of choice. Finally, the paper provides evidence that a gender wage gap is absent within trading firms, while we find evidence for a gender wage gap in non-trading firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Duda-Nyczak, Marta. & Viegelahn, Christian,, 2018. "Exporting, importing and wages in Africa Evidence from matched employer- employee data," ILO Working Papers 994987492202676, International Labour Organization.
  • Handle: RePEc:ilo:ilowps:994987492202676
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ilo.userservices.exlibrisgroup.com/view/delivery/41ILO_INST/1252307580002676
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    wages; export oriented industry; Africa;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ilo:ilowps:994987492202676. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vesa Sivunen). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ilounch.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.