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Entendiendo las brechas salariales por genero en Chile

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Abstract

El propósito de este paper es estudiar las brechas salariales por género en Chile usando una nueva base de datos, la Encuesta de Protección Social 2002-2006, la que permite controlar por la experiencia laboral efectiva y el timming de dicha experiencia. Las variables de experiencia laboral potencial no reflejan el patrón de participación laboral intermitente y poco continuo que tienen las mujeres en Chile. Se introducen también correcciones por selección ocupacional y se instrumentan dos variables claves: educación y experiencia laboral. Aún cuando la brecha salarial continua siendo desfavorable a la mujer, la introducción de controles de experiencia laboral efectiva y la instrumentación de dicha experiencia laboral y de la educación, ubican a la brecha salarial horaria en torno al 11-18%, guarismos muy inferiores a los reportados en estudios anteriores para Chile. Contrariamente a lo esperado, esta brecha se ha ampliado en los últimos años.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcela Perticara & Ivonne Bueno, 2008. "Entendiendo las brechas salariales por genero en Chile," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv212, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  • Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv212
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    brechas salariales por género; descomposición; discriminación;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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