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Should Monetary Policy Take Inequality and Climate Change into Account?


  • Patrick Honohan

    (Peterson Institute for International Economics)


Should central banks take more account of ethical distributional and environmental concerns in the design and implementation of the wider monetary policy toolkit they have been using in the past decade? Although the scope to influence a range of objectives is more limited than is often supposed, and while it is vital to not derail monetary policy from its core purposes, central bank mandates justify paying more attention to such broad issues, especially if policy choices have a significant potential impact. Carefully managed steps in this direction could actually strengthen central bank independence while making some contribution to improving the effectiveness of public policy on these matters.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Honohan, 2019. "Should Monetary Policy Take Inequality and Climate Change into Account?," Working Paper Series WP19-18, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:iie:wpaper:wp19-18

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    Cited by:

    1. William Oman & Romain Svartzman, 2021. "What Justifies Sustainable Finance Measures? Financial-Economic Interactions and Possible Implications for Policymakers," CESifo Forum, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 22(03), pages 03-11, May.
    2. Yannis Dafermos, 2021. "Climate change, central banking and financial supervision: beyond the risk exposure approach," Working Papers 243, Department of Economics, SOAS University of London, UK.
    3. Dietrich, Alexander & Müller, Gernot & Schoenle, Raphael, 2021. "The Expectations Channel of Climate Change: Implications for Monetary Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 15866, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Liebich, Lena & Nöh, Lukas & Rutkowski, Felix & Schwarz, Milena, 2020. "Current developments in green finance," Working Papers 05/2020, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung.
    5. Boneva, Lena & Ferrucci, Gianluigi & Mongelli, Francesco Paolo, 2021. "To be or not to be “green”: how can monetary policy react to climate change?," Occasional Paper Series 285, European Central Bank.
    6. Radu Șimandan & Cristian Păun, 2021. "The Costs and Trade-Offs of Green Central Banking: A Framework for Analysis," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(16), pages 1-25, August.
    7. Radu Șimandan & Cristian Valeriu Păun & Bogdan Glăvan, 2023. "Post-Pandemic Greenness? How Central Banks Use Narratives to Become Green," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(2), pages 1-28, January.
    8. Czeczeli, Vivien, 2021. "A monetáris politika hatása a jövedelmi egyenlőtlenségekre [Monetary-policy effects on income inequalities]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(3), pages 282-299.
    9. Drudi, Francesco & Moench, Emanuel & Holthausen, Cornelia & Weber, Pierre-François & Ferrucci, Gianluigi & Setzer, Ralph & Adao, Bernardino & Dées, Stéphane & Alogoskoufis, Spyros & Téllez, Mar Delgad, 2021. "Climate change and monetary policy in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 271, European Central Bank.

    More about this item


    Monetary Policy; Central Banking;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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