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La santé des seniors selon leur origine sociale et la longévité de leurs parents

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Abstract

This article analyses the role played by childhood circumstances, especially social and family background in explaining health status in adulthood. The influence of social and health characteristics is also considered, whereby characteristics in a generation impacts the health status in the following generation, in spite of evidence showing that this happens in different ways. In this study, we particularly explore the hypothesis of an intergenerational transmission of health inequalities using a survey conducted on a general population. Since the impact of both social background and parents’ health on health status in adulthood represent circumstances independent of individual responsibility, this study allows us to test for the existence in France of inequalities of opportunity in health related to families and social determinism. Empirically, our study relies on tests of stochastic dominance at first order that are supplemented by a multivariate regression analysis. This analysis shows inequalities of opportunity in health in adulthood according to social background and parents’ longevity. We obtained different results from the two parents. The mother’s social status has a direct effect on the health of her offspring. By contrast, the effect on the descendant’s health from the father’s social status is indirect only, going through the descendant’s social status as an adult. Furthermore, there is a direct effect of each parent’s relative longevity on health in adulthood.

Suggested Citation

  • Marion Devaux & Florence Jusot & Alain Trannoy & Sandy Tubeuf, 2008. "La santé des seniors selon leur origine sociale et la longévité de leurs parents," IDEP Working Papers 0803, Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France, revised Jun 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:iep:wpidep:0803
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    File URL: http://www.idep-fr.org/IMG/document/dt/dt0803.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Florence Jusot & Sandy Tubeuf & Alain Trannoy, 2012. "Les différences d'état de santé en France : inégalités des chances ou reflet des comportements à risques ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 455(1), pages 37-51.
    2. Thomas Barnay & Carine Franc & Florence Jusot, 2015. "Introduction : La santé et les soins : prise en charge, déterminants sociaux, conséquences professionnelles," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 475(1), pages 17-29.
    3. Thomas Barnay & Carine Franc & Florence Jusot, 2015. "Introduction générale : La santé et les soins : prise en charge, déterminants sociaux, conséquences professionnelles," Post-Print hal-01297576, HAL.
    4. repec:dau:papers:123456789/11292 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Philippe Batifoulier, 2014. "De l’aléa moral du patient aux inégalités d’accès aux soins," EconomiX Working Papers 2014-7, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    6. Roméo Fontaine, 2009. "Aider Un Parent Âgé Se Fait-Il Au Détriment De L'Emploi ?," Post-Print hal-01427383, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    early life hypothesis; equality of opportunity; health inequalities; intergenerational transmission.;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other

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