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Does Easing Monetary Policy Increase Financial Instability?

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  • Ambrogio Cesa-Bianchi
  • Alessandro Rebucci

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Abstract

This paper develops a model featuring both a macroeconomic and a financial stability objective that speaks to the interaction between monetary and macroprudential policies. First, we find that interest rate rigidities in a monopolistic banking system have an asymmetric impact on financial stability: they lead to greater financial instability in response to contractionary shocks, while they act as an automatic financial stabilizer in response to expansionary shocks. Second, we find that when the policy interest rate is the only instrument, a monetary authority subject to the same constraints as private agents cannot always achieve a (constrained) efficient allocation and faces a trade-off between macroeconomic and financial stability in response to contractionary shocks. This has important implications for the role played by U. S. monetary policy in the run-up to the global financial crisis: the model suggests that the weak link in the U. S. policy framework was not the monetary policy stance after 2002, but rather the absence of an effective second policy pillar aimed at preserving financial stability.

Suggested Citation

  • Ambrogio Cesa-Bianchi & Alessandro Rebucci, 2013. "Does Easing Monetary Policy Increase Financial Instability?," Research Department Publications 4825, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4825
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Guest Contribution: "Is the Federal Reserve Breeding the Next Financial Crisis?"
      by Menzie Chinn in Econbrowser on 2013-03-28 15:05:32

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    Cited by:

    1. Sami Alpanda & Gino Cateau & Cesaire Meh, 2014. "A policy model to analyze macroprudential regulations and monetary policy," BIS Working Papers 461, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Manuel Sanchez, 2016. "The Powers and Limits of Monetary Policy," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 36(2), pages 269-278, Spring/Su.
    3. Chris Garbers & Guangling Liu, 2017. "Macroprudential policy and foreign interest rate shocks: A comparison of different instruments and regulatory regimes," Working Papers 15/2017, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
    4. Itai Agur & Maria Demertzis, 2015. "Will Macroprudential Policy Counteract Monetary Policy’s Effects on Financial Stability?," IMF Working Papers 15/283, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Itai Agur & Maria Demertzis, 2018. "Will macroprudential policy counteract monetary policy’s effects on financial stability?," Working Papers 23907, Bruegel.
    6. repec:eee:finsta:v:29:y:2017:i:c:p:106-116 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Klingelhöfer, Jan & Sun, Rongrong, 2017. "Macroprudential Policy, Central Banks and Financial Stability: Evidence from China," MPRA Paper 79033, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Soyoung Kim & Aaron Mehrotra, 2015. "Managing price and financial stability objectives - what can we learn from the Asia-Pacific region?," BIS Working Papers 533, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Gianluca Benigno, 2013. "Commentary on Macroprudential Policies," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(1), pages 287-297, March.
    10. Christopher Otrok & Gianluca Benigno & Huigang Chen & Alessandro Rebucci & Eric R. Young, 2012. "Monetary and Macro-Prudential Policies: An Integrated Analysis," Working Papers 1208, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
    11. Fabia A. de Carvalho & Marcos R. de Castro, 2015. "Macroprudential and Monetary Policy Interaction: a Brazilian perspective," Working Papers Series 405, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    12. Soyoung Kim & Aaron Mehrotra, 2016. "Maintaining price and financial stability by monetary and macroprudential policy - evidence from Asia and the Pacific," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Expanding the boundaries of monetary policy in Asia and the Pacific, volume 88, pages 17-28 Bank for International Settlements.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination

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