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Sacudidas salariales y variabilidad del consumo en México durante los años 90

  • Miguel Székely
  • Orazio P. Attanasio

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo se presentan elementos de juicio sobre la relación entre las sacudidas económicas y el salario relativo de los varones y los cambios de consumo de los hogares en México durante los años 90, un período caracterizado por una inestabilidad elevada. Además de realizar esta clase de análisis con México por primera vez, el trabajo presenta dos aportes principales. El primero es el uso de fuentes alternativas de datos para construir variables instrumentales de salarios. El segundo es analizar las diferencias entre cuatro categorías de consumo: bienes perecederos, bienes no perecederos, educación y salud. Nuestros resultados en cuanto al consumo de bienes perecederos rechazan la hipótesis de que los hogares mexicanos son capaces de asegurarse contra el riesgo idiosincrásico. En cuanto a las comparaciones entre categorías de consumo, la conclusión es que en México los hogares tienden a reaccionar a sacudidas pasajeras contrayendo el consumo de bienes que representan inversiones de más largo plazo en el capital humano, lo que los hace más vulnerables en el futuro.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4266.

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Date of creation: May 2001
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4266
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  1. Tullio Jappelli & Luigi Pistaferri, 2000. "Intertemporal Choice and Consumption Mobility," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 0118, Econometric Society.
  2. Orazio Attanasio & Tullio Jappelli, 1998. "Intertemporal Choice and the Cross Sectional Variance of Marginal Utility," CSEF Working Papers 06.1998, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  3. Richard Blundell & Ian Preston, 1998. "Consumption Inequality And Income Uncertainty," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(2), pages 603-640, May.
  4. Orazio Attanasio & Gabriella Berloffa & Richard Blundell & Stephen Redding, 2002. "From wages to consumption inequality: tracking shocks," IFS Working Papers W02/20, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  5. Mace, Barbara J, 1991. "Full Insurance in the Presence of Aggregate Uncertainty," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 928-56, October.
  6. Browning, M. & Crossley, T., 1999. "Shocks, Stocks and Socks: Consumption Smoothing and the Replacement of Durables During an Unemployment Spell," Papers 376, Australian National University - Department of Economics.
  7. Angus Deaton & Christina Paxson, 1993. "Intertemporal Choice and Inequality," NBER Working Papers 4328, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Cochrane, John H, 1991. "A Simple Test of Consumption Insurance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 957-76, October.
  9. Attanasio, Orazio & Davis, Steven J, 1996. "Relative Wage Movements and the Distribution of Consumption," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(6), pages 1227-62, December.
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