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Duración del desempleo en Colombia: Género, intensidad de búsqueda y anuncios de vacantes

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  • Arango, Luis Eduardo
  • Ríos, Ana María

Abstract

En Colombia la tasa de desempleo femenina es más alta que la masculina. Al descomponer la tasa de desempleo entre incidencia y duración y concentrarnos en esta última, se verifica la hipótesis de que las mujeres comprometidas (i.e., casadas o en unión libre) tienen episodios de desempleo de mayor duración que los hombres de igual condición. El ingreso de la pareja reduce el esfuerzo de búsqueda de un empleo tanto en hombres como en mujeres, pero esto se observa con mayor contundencia en el caso de ellas. Allí está una de las causas del mayor desempleo femenino. No obstante, el efecto del ingreso de la pareja en la duración del desempleo de las mujeres se reduce si en los hogares hay niños en su primera infancia. Contar con un mecanismo de divulgación de las vacantes, que agilice el emparejamiento de firmas y trabajadores reduce la duración del desempleo.

Suggested Citation

  • Arango, Luis Eduardo & Ríos, Ana María, 2015. "Duración del desempleo en Colombia: Género, intensidad de búsqueda y anuncios de vacantes," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6840, Inter-American Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:6840
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Carlos Alberto Foronda Rojas & Andrea Alcaráz, 2015. "Estimation and characteristics of unemployment duration in Bolivia," Investigación & Desarrollo 0215, Universidad Privada Boliviana, revised Jun 2015.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tasa de desempleo femenina; Duración del desempleo; Tasa de vacantes;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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