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Austrian economics and value judgements: a critical comparison with neoclassical economics

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  • Sandye Gloria-Palermo
  • Giulio Palermo

Abstract

The article points out the limits of Austrian economics in so far as the passage from positive to normative economics is concerned. We propose a comparison with neoclassical economics and discuss the different theoretical solutions adopted by these two schools of thought in their legitimization of the normative discourse. The bridge from positive to normative economics is analyzed as resting upon two interdependent pillars, one of a technical nature, the other of an ethical one. In the case of neoclassical theory, these two pillars are, respectively, the “Pareto principle” and the so-called “minimal benevolence principle”. In the case of Austrian economics, they are the “coordination principle” and the set of “quasi-universal” value judgements. A first problem for Austrian economics is that the coordination principle turns out to be incompatible with process analysis, the latter being a central theoretical tenet of the Austrian school. A second problem, which overwhelms both the schools of thought, has to do with distribution. Our thesis is that whereas the neoclassical solution of the distributive problem is formally consistent (although deeply unrealistic), the Austrian solution is theoretically untenable and based on strong, although implicit, value judgements.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandye Gloria-Palermo & Giulio Palermo, 2003. "Austrian economics and value judgements: a critical comparison with neoclassical economics," ICER Working Papers 08-2003, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:icr:wpicer:08-2003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Vaughn,Karen I., 1994. "Austrian Economics in America," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521445528, November.
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    9. Rizzo, M.J., 1992. "The Morality of Profits, and The Struggle for Existence," Working Papers 92-17, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
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    1. Austrian Welfare Economics Confused
      by Robert Vienneau in Thoughts on Economics on 2011-06-02 17:18:00

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    Cited by:

    1. Bogusław Czarny, 2011. "The Debate on the Nature of Welfare Economics in the Contemporary Methodology of Economics," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 27.

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