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Determinants of Profitability: An Analysis of Large Australian Firms


  • Andreas Stierwald

    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne)


This paper identifies the determinants of firm profitability and quantifies their relative importance. Using a panel of large Australian firms for the period 1995 to 2005, the analysis estimates a dynamic profit model that, unlike most existing research, directly includes measures of productivity and productivity persistence. Descriptive statistics illustrate that the sample is characterized by a large amount of profit heterogeneity, and that substantial differences exist between industries and across firms. Estimation results indicate that firm profitability is predominantly determined by firm-level characteristics, and that sector effects are relevant, but to a much smaller extent. The analysis also reveals that, among firm effects, productivity and productivity persistence enhance profitability.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Stierwald, 2010. "Determinants of Profitability: An Analysis of Large Australian Firms," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2010n03, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  • Handle: RePEc:iae:iaewps:wp2010n03

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Milos Laura Raisa & Milos Marius Cristian, 2015. "Does Short Term Debt Affect Profitability? Evidence From The Romanian Listed Companies," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 6, pages 228-233, December.
    2. Ijaz Hussain, 2012. "The Consequences of Easy Credit Policy, High Gearing, and Firms’ Profitability in Pakistan’s Textile Sector: A Panel Data Analysis," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 17(1), pages 33-44, Jan-June.

    More about this item


    Firm Performance; Determinants of Profit; Dynamic Panel Bias; Total Factor Productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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