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On the Impact of Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives

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  • Bezalel Peleg
  • Peter Sudholter
  • Jose M. Zarzuelo

Abstract

On several classes of n-person NTU games that have at least one Shapley NTU value, Aumann characterized this solution by six axioms: Non-emptiness, efficiency, unanimity, scale covariance, conditional additivity, and independence of irrelevant alternatives (IIA). Each of the first five axioms is logically independent of the remaining axioms, and the logical independence of IIA is an open problem. We show that for n = 2 the first five axioms already characterize the Shapley NTU value, provided that the class of games is not further restricted. Moreover, we present an example of a solution that satisfies the first 5 axioms and violates IIA for 2-person NTU games (N;V) with uniformly p-smooth V(N).

Suggested Citation

  • Bezalel Peleg & Peter Sudholter & Jose M. Zarzuelo, 2010. "On the Impact of Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives," Discussion Paper Series dp561, The Federmann Center for the Study of Rationality, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
  • Handle: RePEc:huj:dispap:dp561
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    1. repec:spr:thdlic:978-3-540-72945-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Nash, John, 1950. "The Bargaining Problem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 18(2), pages 155-162, April.
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    JEL classification:

    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games

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