The concentration of the ECSC's coal and steel industries (1952-1967): Could West Germany be kept small?
In 1951, six Western European countries founded the ‘European Coal and Steel Community’ (ECSC), which they hoped would be a first step towards more European integration and provide a common legal framework for their coal and steel industries. The main aim of the ECSC was to make sure that the West German coal and steel firms would never again reach their pre-war capacities, which according to many had indirectly led to World War II. Another important aim was to prevent the USSR from conquering West Germany. This article constitutes a case study of the regional concentration of the coal and steel industries in the six ECSC countries, and it investigates whether the importance of certain coal and steel producing regions within the ECSC changed between 1952 and 1967. Further, an analysis is conducted of how the concentration ratios of the ECSC’s industries differed between its six member countries, whether these differences changed over time, how this influenced the size and number of coal and steel firms and whether the ECSC succeeded in its aim of keeping West Germany small.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://research.hubrussel.be|
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