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From Luxury to Necessity: Frankfurt am Main as the Pioneer of Urban Electrification


  • MORI, Takahito


In the urban history of Germany, it was the theory of Dieter Schott, the ‘networking of the city’, that turned historians' attention to the socioeconomic changes caused due to the introduction of electricity into a city. However, the paradigm shift in urban energy brought by electricity was not adequately elucidated as most studies were limited to the period before WWI, when electric lights were still a luxury and less than 10% of households used them. In this context, this paper examines the socioeconomic dynamism of urban electrification— fixation of the electricity as necessary energy in the urban life —using Frankfurt am Main as a case study.

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  • MORI, Takahito, 2016. "From Luxury to Necessity: Frankfurt am Main as the Pioneer of Urban Electrification," Discussion Papers 2016-12, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:econdp:2016-12

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    Paradigm shift in the electricity consumption; Change of the tariff system; Innovation of illumination techniques; Experiment of the completely electrified life; Strategy of the municipal electric service;

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