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Age Structure Effects and Growth in the OECD, 1950-90: Further Evidence

Author

Listed:
  • Lindh, Thomas

    () (Department of Economics)

  • Malmberg, Bo

    (Institute for Housing Research)

Abstract

Economic growth depends on human resources and human needs. The demographic age structure shapes both of these factors. We study five-year data from the OECD countries 1950-90 in the framework of a human capital augmented neoclassical growth model with gradual technical adjustment due to technology barriers. The growth patterns of GDP per worker (labor productivity) in the OECD countries are to a large extent explained by age structure changes. The 50-64 age group has a positive influence, and the group above 65 contributes negatively, while younger age groups have ambiguous effects. This paper shows that previously reported regression results are robust to a wide variety of sensitivity test: inclusion of educational and other control variables; time window definitions; age group definitions; outliers and heteroskedasticity corrections, etc.

Suggested Citation

  • Lindh, Thomas & Malmberg, Bo, 1996. "Age Structure Effects and Growth in the OECD, 1950-90: Further Evidence," Working Paper Series 1996:12, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:uunewp:1996_012
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lindh, Thomas & Malmberg, Bo, 1998. "Age structure and inflation - a Wicksellian interpretation of the OECD data," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 19-37, July.
    2. Angela Luci & Olivier Thevenon, 2010. "Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries?," Working Papers hal-00520948, HAL.
    3. Persson, Joakim, 1999. "Demographic and Per Capita Income Dynamics: A Convergence Study on Demographics, Human Capital, and Per Capita Income for the US States," Working Paper Series 156, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    growth; age structure; technology barriers; human capital; convergence;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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