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Is it what you do or where you work that matters most? Gender composition and the gender wage gap revisited

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of gender segregation on wages using matched employer-employee private-sector data from Sweden. The questions that we are interested in examining are two-fold. Has the effect of gender segregation on the gender wage gap been overestimated and what matters more for gender wage differentials, occupation or establishment segregation? Our results show that a too detailed aggregation of occupations and/or establishments leads to an overestimation of the segregation effect on gender wage differences. We also show that occupational segregation contributes more to explaining the wage gap than establishment segregation.

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  • Arai, Mahmood & Nekby, Lena & Skogman Thoursie, Peter, 2004. "Is it what you do or where you work that matters most? Gender composition and the gender wage gap revisited," Research Papers in Economics 2004:10, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:sunrpe:2004_0010
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    Keywords

    Gender wage gap; matched employer-employee data;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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