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Labour in Transition: Women and Men in Taganrog, Russia

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Abstract

The paper discusses the effect of economic reforms on gender differences in participation rates and earnings in Russia in the early 1990s. Besides national statistics it uses survey data from the city Taganrog, 1989 and 1993/9. Although local, these repeated cross sections provide unique comparable data from Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Results agree with national statistics in that participation has decreased and unemployment increased for both men and women. The female/male earnings ratio fell from 66% in 1989, to 61% in 1993, at a moment when real wages for the men too have decreased dramatically. Oaxaca-decompostions of the gender gap indicate that, in both years, the greater part is due to differential rewards but that gender differences in hours worked contribute more to the wage gap 1993 than in Soviet times.

Suggested Citation

  • Katz, Katarina, 2001. "Labour in Transition: Women and Men in Taganrog, Russia," Research Papers in Economics 2002:1, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:sunrpe:2002_0001
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    File URL: http://www2.ne.su.se/paper/wp02_01.pdf
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    Keywords

    Russia; gender gap; labour force participation; transition; labour market;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General

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