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Why do firms pay for liquidity provision in limit order markets?

  • Skjeltorp, Johannes A

    ()

    (Norges Bank)

  • Odegaard, Bernt Arne

    ()

    (University of Stavanger)

In recent years, a number of electronic limit order have reintroduced market makers for some securities (Designated Market Makers). This trend has mainly been initiated by financial intermediaries and listed firms themselves, without any regulatory pressure. In this paper we ask why firms are willing to pay to improve the secondary market liquidity of its shares. We show that a contributing factor in this decision is the likelihood that the firm will interact with the capital markets in the near future, either because they have capital needs, or that they are planning to repurchase shares. We also find some evidence of agency costs, managers desiring good liquidity when they plan insider trades.

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File URL: http://www1.uis.no/ansatt/odegaard/uis_wps_econ_fin/uis_wps_2010_3_skjeltorp_odegaard.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Stavanger in its series UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance with number 2010/3.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: 28 Apr 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming as Skjeltorp, Johannes A and Bernt Arne Odegaard, 'Why do firms pay for liquidity provision in limit order markets?' in Financial Management.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:stavef:2010_003
Contact details of provider: Postal:
University of Stavanger, NO-4036 Stavanger, Norway

Web page: http://www.uis.no/research/economics_and_finance

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  1. Lawrence R. Glosten & Paul R. Milgrom, 1983. "Bid, Ask and Transaction Prices in a Specialist Market with Heterogeneously Informed Traders," Discussion Papers 570, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  2. Randi Næs & Johannes A. Skjeltorp & Bernt Arne Ødegaard, 2008. "Liquidity at the Oslo Stock Exchange," Working Paper 2008/09, Norges Bank.
  3. Scholes, Myron & Williams, Joseph, 1977. "Estimating betas from nonsynchronous data," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 309-327, December.
  4. Næs, Randi & Skjeltorp, Johannes & Ødegaard, Bernt Arne, 2009. "What factors affect the Oslo Stock Exchange?," UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2009/33, University of Stavanger.
  5. Lesmond, David A & Ogden, Joseph P & Trzcinka, Charles A, 1999. "A New Estimate of Transaction Costs," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 12(5), pages 1113-41.
  6. Anand, Amber & Tanggaard, Carsten & Weaver, Daniel G., 2009. "Paying for Market Quality," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 44(06), pages 1427-1457, December.
  7. Banerjee, Suman & Gatchev, Vladimir A. & Spindt, Paul A., 2007. "Stock Market Liquidity and Firm Dividend Policy," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 42(02), pages 369-397, June.
  8. Amihud, Yakov & Mendelson, Haim, 1986. "Asset pricing and the bid-ask spread," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 223-249, December.
  9. Lipson, Marc L. & Mortal, Sandra, 2009. "Liquidity and capital structure," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 611-644, November.
  10. Edith Ginglinger & Laure Matsoukis & Fabrice Riva, 2009. "Stock Market Liquidity and the Rights Offer Paradox," Post-Print halshs-00673295, HAL.
  11. Randi Næs & Johannes A. Skjeltorp & Bernt Arne Ødegaard, 2011. "Stock Market Liquidity and the Business Cycle," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 66(1), pages 139-176, 02.
  12. Edith Ginglinger & Laure Matsoukis & Fabrice Riva, 2009. "Stock Market Liquidity and the Rights Offer Paradox," Post-Print halshs-00673289, HAL.
  13. Fang, Vivian W. & Noe, Thomas H. & Tice, Sheri, 2009. "Stock market liquidity and firm value," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1), pages 150-169, October.
  14. Glosten, Lawrence R, 1994. " Is the Electronic Open Limit Order Book Inevitable?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(4), pages 1127-61, September.
  15. repec:dau:papers:123456789/8625 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. Kyle, Albert S, 1985. "Continuous Auctions and Insider Trading," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(6), pages 1315-35, November.
  17. repec:dau:papers:123456789/3035 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. Amihud, Yakov, 2002. "Illiquidity and stock returns: cross-section and time-series effects," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 31-56, January.
  19. Anand, Amber & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2008. "Information and the Intermediary: Are Market Intermediaries Informed Traders in Electronic Markets?," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 43(01), pages 1-28, March.
  20. repec:dau:papers:123456789/2939 is not listed on IDEAS
  21. Brockman, Paul & Howe, John S. & Mortal, Sandra, 2008. "Stock market liquidity and the decision to repurchase," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 446-459, September.
  22. Edith Ginglinger & Laure Matsoukis & Fabrice Riva, 2009. "Stock Market Liquidity and the Rights Offer Paradox," Post-Print halshs-00673292, HAL.
  23. David Easley & Maureen O'hara, 2004. "Information and the Cost of Capital," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(4), pages 1553-1583, 08.
  24. Edith Ginglinger & Laure Matsoukis & Fabrice Riva, 2009. "Stock Market Liquidity and the Rights Offer Paradox," Post-Print halshs-00673299, HAL.
  25. Harris, Lawrence E. & Panchapagesan, Venkatesh, 2005. "The information content of the limit order book: evidence from NYSE specialist trading decisions," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 25-67, February.
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