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Can the Spanish Influenza pandemic of 1918 explain the baby-boom of 1920 in neutral Norway?

Author

Listed:
  • Mamelund, Svenn-Erik

    (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo)

Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to test the hypothesis that Spanish Influenza is the explanation of the dramatic fertility decline in Norway, from 1918 to 1919, and the subsequent baby-boom in 1920. The European country analyzed was not randomly picked; a neutral haven was chosen to possibly rule out the other, and probably more obvious candidate explaining the baby-boom of 1920; the First World War. The data used in the analysis are, in a European context, of superior quality as registration of population data including vital statistics continued as normal in Norway because the First World War did not disturb it. The paper also draws attention to the importance of including – in epidemic crisis models – not only mortality but also fear of contracting a coming or present epidemic – as well present epidemic disease experience – to explain why conception rates may fall in connection with an epidemic.

Suggested Citation

  • Mamelund, Svenn-Erik, 2003. "Can the Spanish Influenza pandemic of 1918 explain the baby-boom of 1920 in neutral Norway?," Memorandum 01/2003, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:osloec:2003_001
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    File URL: http://www.sv.uio.no/econ/english/research/unpublished-works/working-papers/pdf-files/2003/Memo-01-2003.pdf
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    Citations

    RePEc Biblio mentions

    As found on the RePEc Biblio, the curated bibliography for Economics:
    1. > Economics of Welfare > Health Economics > Economics of Pandemics > Consequences > Mortality
    2. > Economics of Welfare > Health Economics > Economics of Pandemics > Consequences > Fertility

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mamelund, Svenn-Erik, 2004. "An egalitarian disease? Socioeconomic status and individual survival of the Spanish Influenza pandemic of 1918-19 in the Norwegian capital of Kristiania," Memorandum 06/2004, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    2. Mamelund, Svenn-Erik, 2006. "A socially neutral disease? Individual social class, household wealth and mortality from Spanish influenza in two socially contrasting parishes in Kristiania 1918-19," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 62(4), pages 923-940, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Influenza; epidemic; fertility;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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