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The income distributional consequences of agrarian tariffs in Sweden on the eve of World War I

Author

Listed:
  • Bohlin, Jan

    () (Department of Economic History, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

After 1870 Swedish agriculture was transformed in the direction of more animal husbandry. Small farmers in particular specialized in animal produce. Yet, agricultural protectionism primarily served the interest of large landowners specializing in bread-grain production. The paper explores the impact of agrarian tariffs on the factor rewards of landowners, capitalists and workers. Landowners predictably benefited from agrarian tariffs, the more so if they specialized in bread-grain, as did rural workers. With an integrated ruralurban labour market real incomes of urban workers would have come under pressure if agrarian tariffs had been dismantled while capitalists would have been little affected.

Suggested Citation

  • Bohlin, Jan, 2006. "The income distributional consequences of agrarian tariffs in Sweden on the eve of World War I," Göteborg Papers in Economic History 6, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economic History.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunhis:0006
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/2956
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    Cited by:

    1. Öberg, Stefan, 2017. "An introduction to using twin births as instrumental variables for sibship size," Göteborg Papers in Economic History 22, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economic History.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic History; Protectionism; Trade Policy; Income Distribution; Computable General Equilibrium Model;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • D33 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Factor Income Distribution
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • N23 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913

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