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Determinants of Regional Entry and Exit in Industrial Sectors

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  • Nyström, Kristina

    () (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

Abstract

Recent empirical research by, for example, Audretsch and Fritsch (1999) and Armington and Acs, (2002) shows that regional determinants of new firm formation differs between industries. It has also been suggested that a large part of the regional variation of new firm formation can be explained by differences in industrial structure. This paper reinvestigates the regional determinants of entry and exit considering these findings. The empirical analysis is performed using data on Swedish firm entry and exit rates for 1997-2001. It is shown that on average about 0.5 to 2.7 percent of the regional variation in entry and exit rates remains to be explained, after controlling for differences in industrial structure, but that there is substantial regional variation. A majority of the firms in the 47 industries investigated are sensitive to unobserved regional characteristics, such as regional policy when deciding to enter or exit a particular region. Agglomeration and the size structure in the particular industry and region are factors that are found to influence entry and exit rates in almost all industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Nyström, Kristina, 2005. "Determinants of Regional Entry and Exit in Industrial Sectors," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 33, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0033
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    File URL: https://static.sys.kth.se/itm/wp/cesis/cesiswp33.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dunne, T. & Roberts, M.J., 1989. "Variation In Producer Turnover Across U.S. Manufacturing Industries," Papers 12-89-2, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
    2. Peter Johnson & Simon Parker, 1996. "Spatial Variations in the Determinants and Effects of Firm Births and Deaths," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(7), pages 679-688.
    3. Paul Krugman, 1998. "Space: The Final Frontier," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 161-174, Spring.
    4. David Audretsch & Michael Fritsch, 1999. "The Industry Component of Regional New Firm Formation Processes," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 15(3), pages 239-252, November.
    5. Catherine Armington & Zoltan Acs, 2002. "The Determinants of Regional Variation in New Firm Formation," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 33-45.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wang, Daili, 2013. "鼓励还是抑制?初探外商直接投资与新民营企业进入
      [Foreign Direct Investment and the Entry of New Firms]
      ," MPRA Paper 50984, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entry; exit; industry structure; regions;

    JEL classification:

    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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