The Jackie (and Jill) Robinson Effect: Congresswomen and the Distribution of Federal Spending
Much of the literature on women in politics seeks to answer two questions: Why are there so few women in elective office? What do women in elective office do differently from men? We connect these two strands of the literature by showing that the process by which women are selected into office has important consequences for their performance once elected. We argue that when there is sex discrimination by voters, female candidates must be better than their male counterparts in order to get elected. Therefore, the women we observe in Congress should be of higher average quality than the men. We test this theory by examining congresswomen’s success in delivering federal spending to their home districts. We find that districts represented by women receive 12 to 19 percent more spending from federal discretionary programs than those represented by men. The female spending advantage cannot be explained by observable district or legislator characteristics. Finally, we use two natural experiments to produce evidence that the relationship between legislator sex and federal spending is causal and that legislator quality is the most likely explanation for it.
|Date of creation:||Jul 2007|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637|
Web page: http://harrisschool.uchicago.edu/
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:har:wpaper:0716. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Eleanor Cartelli)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.