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Compétition académique et modes de production scientifique des économistes français : Quelques résultats économétriques du dispositif P.E. S

Author

Listed:
  • Yann Kossi

    (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - Université de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jean-Yves Lesueur

    () (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - Université de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Mareva Sabatier

    (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc)

Abstract

This paper studies the determinants of scientific productivity from an original database of French academic economists observed in 2009 and 2010. All individuals of this data set were involved in the first and second experiences of the "Prime excellence Scientifique". This academic competition was introduced by the French academic system to select best publishers and PhD supervisors. The context of this competition conforms to the tournament theory in two points. The scientific productivity was observed in a same period from 2005 to 2010 and competitors are selected and ranked by their relative performance in publications using the same criteria (National Scientific Research Center ranking). We construct a scientific production index and estimate productivity regressions using censored data models (Tobit). We control for individual characteristics like age, gender, environmental context, initial publication performance (h index), in line with stylized facts and theoretical foundations like Lotka law, Matthews effect and scientific life cycle productivity. The paper brings two novel dimensions in the literature. The first is done by controlling for the multi-task activities of tenure and associated professor when evaluating their scientific production. We control for the time allowed to alternative occupation like teaching, doctoral supervision, administrative and scientific responsibilities. The second outcome of the paper consists to evaluate the impact of network spillovers externalities induced by local competences accumulated in economics departments (coauthorship, peer externalities...), on each individual performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Yann Kossi & Jean-Yves Lesueur & Mareva Sabatier, 2012. "Compétition académique et modes de production scientifique des économistes français : Quelques résultats économétriques du dispositif P.E. S," Working Papers halshs-00695917, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00695917
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00695917
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    Cited by:

    1. Okey K. N. Mawussé, 2013. "Institutions and scientific research in Africa," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(2), pages 1487-1503.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tournament theory; academic competition; scientific production; Lotka's law; network externalities;

    JEL classification:

    • C0 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General
    • D0 - Microeconomics - - General
    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General

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