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"Demand Readiness Level" (DRL), a new tool to hybridize Market Pull and Technology Push approaches. Introspective analysis of the new trends in Technology Transfer practices

  • Florin Paun

    ()

    (Laboratoire de recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation - Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale)

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    L'analyse de l'évolution des modèles d'innovation, d'une perception comme processus linéaire (" le concept " chez Schumpeter, " le R&D chez Abernathy, Utterback, ou " la co-innovation " chez Shapiro), comme processus intégré et systémique (" coordination procès " chez Hardy, Jansiti, Chen, " management innovant" chez Tucker) vers une perception globale du total innovation management (les trois totalités de XU), permet de comprendre aussi l'évolution des pratiques et des acteurs de l'innovation. Ces travaux de recherche identifient l'importance de nouveaux outils pour favoriser le transfère de technologie. L'auteur introduit, grâce à ses recherches économiques sur les acteurs et les processus d'innovation ressourcés dans son expérience de travail avec les PME innovantes en France, le concept de "Demand Readiness Level " (DRL), une échelle complémentaire au TRL (Technology Readiness Level) qui sera capable d'identifier le dégrée de maturité de l'expression d'une demande d'innovation par un acteur du marché, y inclut les marchés de l'éco-innovation. Le cas des PME sera analysé en particulier avec l'identification des " asymétries des acteurs du processus d'innovation " (Paun, 2009) : asymétries de risque financier, asymétries culturelles, technologiques qui devront être gérées (réduites ou compensées) pour favoriser la création de valeur à travers l'innovation.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00628978.

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    Date of creation: 18 Feb 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00628978
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00628978/en/
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