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The heterogeneity of informal employment and segmentation in the Turkish labour market

Author

Listed:
  • Mélika Ben Salem

    () (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12, PSE - Paris School of Economics, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris)

  • Isabelle Bensidoun

    (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)

Abstract

This paper aims at investigating the heterogeneity of informal employment on the Turkish labour market. To circumvent the constraints imposed by the traditional parametric methods, finite mixture models are estimated in order to identify the optimal number of segments within the informal employment and their respective returns to individual characteristics. In particular, it sheds light on the potential voluntary nature of informal employment by comparing the estimated probabilities of segment membership with the theoretical probabilities that would result from a competitive labour market under the hypothesis of income maximization by workers. Results show that the classical self-employed versus informal wage-workers divide is not the best split of informal employment. Furthermore, the two estimated informal employment segments are both less desirable than formal employment. Thus, the hypothesis of labour-market segmentation, even after taking informal-sector heterogeneity into account, seems to hold, supporting the traditional dualistic view of informal employment in the Turkish context.

Suggested Citation

  • Mélika Ben Salem & Isabelle Bensidoun, 2012. "The heterogeneity of informal employment and segmentation in the Turkish labour market," Post-Print halshs-01118561, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01118561
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01118561
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    Cited by:

    1. Deguilhem, Thibaud & Berrou, Jean-Philippe & Combarnous, François, 2017. "Using your ties to get a worse job? The differential effects of social networks on quality of employment: Evidence from Colombia," MPRA Paper 78628, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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