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Correlation and volatility on bond markets during the EMU crisis: does the OMT change the process ?

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  • Franck Martin

    () (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jiangxingyun Zhang

    () (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This article studies the correlation and volatility transmission between the European sovereign debt markets during the period of 2008-2013. By applying a multivariate GARCH model and a flight-to-quality test, the empirical results support not only the existence of flight-to-quality from the periphery countries (Italy, Portugal, Spain, Ireland and Greece) to the pivot countries (France and Germany), but also the flight within each group. This can be explained by a new phenomenon of speculation in bond markets which didn't exist before the debt crisis. However, the estimations bring little evidence that allow us to generalize it to all markets. It seems that in terms of volatility, the pivot countries are relatively difficult to be influenced by the external turbulence. Although we prefer to believe that Europe has walked out of the sovereign debt crisis after the Outright Monetary Transaction (OMT) plan, this study doesn't bring much support for this point of view.

Suggested Citation

  • Franck Martin & Jiangxingyun Zhang, 2014. "Correlation and volatility on bond markets during the EMU crisis: does the OMT change the process ?," Post-Print halshs-01101986, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01101986
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01101986
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brière, Marie & Chapelle, Ariane & Szafarz, Ariane, 2012. "No contagion, only globalization and flight to quality," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1729-1744.
    2. Dirk Baur & Brian M. Lucey, 2006. "Flight-to-quality or Contagion? An EmpiricalAnalysis of Stock-bond correlations," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp122, IIIS.
    3. FrancisX. Diebold & Kamil Yilmaz, 2009. "Measuring Financial Asset Return and Volatility Spillovers, with Application to Global Equity Markets," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(534), pages 158-171, January.
    4. Gita Persand & Chris Brooks & Simon P. Burke, 2003. "Multivariate GARCH models: software choice and estimation issues," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(6), pages 725-734.
    5. Kontonikas, Alexandros & Arghyrou, Michael G. & Afonso, António, 2012. "The determinants of sovereign bond yield spreads in the EMU," SIRE Discussion Papers 2012-88, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    6. Sébastien Laurent & Luc Bauwens & Jeroen V. K. Rombouts, 2006. "Multivariate GARCH models: a survey," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(1), pages 79-109.
    7. Gallo, Giampiero M. & Otranto, Edoardo, 2008. "Volatility spillovers, interdependence and comovements: A Markov Switching approach," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 52(6), pages 3011-3026, February.
    8. Kristin J. Forbes & Roberto Rigobon, 2002. "No Contagion, Only Interdependence: Measuring Stock Market Comovements," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 57(5), pages 2223-2261, October.
    9. Gande, Amar & Parsley, David C., 2005. "News spillovers in the sovereign debt market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(3), pages 691-734, March.
    10. Metiu Norbert, 2011. "Financial contagion in developed sovereign bond markets," Research Memorandum 004, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
    11. Collins, Daryl & Biekpe, Nicholas, 2003. "Contagion: a fear for African equity markets?," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 285-297.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecmode:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:178-200 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Martin, Franck & Zhang, Jiangxingyun, 2017. "Modelling European sovereign bond yields with international portfolio effects," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 178-200.
    3. Franck Martin, 2016. "La structure des taux revisitée pour période de crise: entre contagion, flight to quality et Quantitative Easing," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 2016-06, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    4. Kavita Sirichand & Simeon Coleman, 2015. "International yield curve comovements: impact of the recent financial crisis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(43), pages 4561-4573, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    speculation; flight to quality; Draghi Put; multivariate GARCH model; OMT; EMU debt crisis; bond markets;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • C4 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics

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