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Contribution à la compréhension de l'échec des nouvelles entreprises : exploration qualitative des multiples dimensions du phénomène


  • Nabil Khelil

    (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Ali Smida

    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - USPC - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité - UP13 - Université Paris 13)

  • Zouaoui Mahmoud

    (Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion de Tunis - UTM - Université Tunis El Manar)


Although business failure has been widely studied by researchers in finance and accounting from the financial failure of established firm's perspective, less attention has been given to new venture failure. To reach a better understanding of this phenomenon which is multidimensional and complex, this paper proposes to reconstruct, in conjunction with an integrative theoretical framework, an operational analysis model. As such, we carry out a strategy of three stages. First, we pursue a preliminary exploration that aims to bring out a global representation of entrepreneurial failure from unstructured interviews conducted with three categories of stakeholders who are the researchers, "privileged witnesses" and the failed entrepreneurs. Second, we conduct more directive interviews with sixteen entrepreneurs known to be failing by "privileged witnesses" to identify the essential dimensions of the phenomenon. Finally, we addressed a qualitative exploration by a study of seven cognitive maps of failed entrepreneurs to identify the relation between dimensions of entrepreneurial failure. Our results indicate that entrepreneurial failure is not the exclusive consequence of the absence or presence of success or failure factors, but the immediate result of the interaction of six key dimensions that this research aims to explore, describe and classify.

Suggested Citation

  • Nabil Khelil & Ali Smida & Zouaoui Mahmoud, 2012. "Contribution à la compréhension de l'échec des nouvelles entreprises : exploration qualitative des multiples dimensions du phénomène," Post-Print halshs-00846548, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00846548
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    Cited by:

    1. SABBAR Alaraji, Fedaa Abd Almajid & Iacob, Constanta, 2017. "Dimensiunea calitativă a eşecului financiar şi percepţia acestuia în diverse regiuni geografice ale lumii [The qualitative dimension of financial failure and its perception in various geographic re," MPRA Paper 78817, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Serge Simen & Gérol Nganafei, 2018. "Comment influencer positivement le succès des incubateurs universitaires de start-up technologiques ?," Post-Print halshs-01785627, HAL.
    3. Matthijs H.M. Hammer, 2014. "Premature Entrepreneurial Exit: Exploring the Role of Goal Setting Bias," Proceedings of FIKUSZ '14, in: Pál Michelberger (ed.),Proceedings of FIKUSZ '14, pages 97-106, Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management.
    4. Khelil, Nabil, 2016. "The many faces of entrepreneurial failure: Insights from an empirical taxonomy," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 72-94.
    5. Sahar Ayadi & Sonia Zouari Ghorbel, 2018. "Relevance of the Mann Whitney Wilcoxon test in the survival analysis of newly established companies in Tunisia (Case of the sfax region)," Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, Springer;UNESCO Chair in Entrepreneurship, vol. 8(1), pages 1-20, December.


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