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Stealing to Survive? Crime and Income Shock in 19th Century France

Listed author(s):
  • Vincent Bignon

    ()

    (EconomiX - UPOND - Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Eve Caroli

    ()

    (EconomiX - UPOND - Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Roberto Galbiati

    ()

    (EconomiX - UPOND - Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Using local administrative data from 1826 to 1936, we document the evolution of crime rates in 19th century France and we estimate the impact of a negative income shock on crime. Our identification strategy exploits the phylloxera crisis. Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed about 40% of French vineyards. We use the geographical variation in the timing of this shock to identify its impact on property and violent crime rates, as well as minor offences. Our estimates suggest that the phylloxera crisis caused a substantial increase in property crime rates and a significant decrease in violent crimes.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-01410645.

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Date of creation: 2015
Publication status: Published in Economic Journal, Wiley, 2015
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01410645
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-univ-paris10.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01410645
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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