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Inside the hybrid organization: An organizational level view of responses to conflicting institutional demands


  • Anne-Claire Pache

    (Public and Private Policy Department - Essec Business School)

  • Filipe Santos



This paper explores organizational responses to conflicting institutional demands. An inductive comparative case study of four social enterprises that scaled their organization while embedded in competing social welfare and commercial logics suggests that, when facing competing organizational templates imposed by their institutional environment, organizations attempt to strike a balance at the organizational level by adopting a combination of intact practices from both logics instead of balancing at the practice level by resorting to strategies such as decoupling. In addition, we find an important legitimating effect of founding origins: in a sector where the social welfare logic is ultimately predominant, organizations originating from the social sector benefited from an a priori legitimacy capital, which allowed them to borrow freely from both social and commercial practices. In contrast, organizations emanating from the commercial sector, suffering from an a priori legitimacy deficit, had to display their conformity with social templates in order to secure their acceptance in the field and therefore adopted predominantly social practices. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of hybrid organizations and point to the founding origins of organizations as an important determinant of the pattern of hybridization strategies.

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  • Anne-Claire Pache & Filipe Santos, 2010. "Inside the hybrid organization: An organizational level view of responses to conflicting institutional demands," Post-Print hal-00580128, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00580128
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Enzo Pesciarelli, 1989. "Smith, Bentham, and the Development of Contrasting Ideas on Entrepreneurship," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 21(3), pages 521-536, Fall.
    2. Marco E.L. Guidi, 2009. "Jeremy Bentham," Chapters,in: Handbook of Economics and Ethics, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Christian Schmidt, 1988. "Programme de recherche benthamien et économie politique britannique. Deux rendez-vous manqués," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 39(4), pages 809-840.
    4. Frank Petrella, 1977. "Benthamism and the demise of Classical economic Ordnungspolitik," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 9(2), pages 215-236, Summer.
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    Cited by:

    1. Katia Lobre & Jean-Baptiste Cartier, 2012. "Mutualisme bancaire, Hétérosis organisationnelle et difficultés de gouvernance," Post-Print halshs-00696908, HAL.

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