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Does imperfect competition foster capital accumulation in a developing economy ?

Author

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  • Pascal Belan

    () (EUREQUA - Equipe Universitaire de Recherche en Economie Quantitative - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - IUML - FR 3473 Institut universitaire Mer et Littoral - UBS - Université de Bretagne Sud - UM - Le Mans Université - UA - Université d'Angers - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UN - Université de Nantes - ECN - École Centrale de Nantes - IEMN-IAE Nantes - Institut d'Économie et de Management de Nantes - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises - Nantes - UN - Université de Nantes)

  • Philippe Michel

    (EUREQUA - Equipe Universitaire de Recherche en Economie Quantitative - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - ECM - École Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales)

  • Bertrand Wigniolle

    () (EUREQUA - Equipe Universitaire de Recherche en Economie Quantitative - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

We analyze the relationship between imperfect competition and capital accumulation in a dual economy, with traditional and modern sectors and two types of agents (workers and capitalists). Workers allocate their time endowment between the two sectors. Capitalistsaccumulate wealth in the modern sector. The economy is open to capital flows, but capitalists face borrowing constraints. Non-competitive behavior of capitalists results in a rent which is extracted from the workers and lowers employment in the modern sector. In the longrun,if capitalists are unconstrained, imperfect competition is beneficial for capital accumulation and growth, while it is detrimental in the converse case. Moreover, not-binding borrowing constraints lead to higher employment and wages. This can motivate the introduction of a subsidy on bequests which allows the economy to reach theunconstrained regime, and is welfare-enhancing for workers.
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Suggested Citation

  • Pascal Belan & Philippe Michel & Bertrand Wigniolle, 2005. "Does imperfect competition foster capital accumulation in a developing economy ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00268878, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00268878
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00268878
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Biancamaria D'Onofrio & Bertrand Wigniolle, 2010. "Imperfect competition, technical progress and capital accumulation," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 6(4), pages 355-366, December.
    2. Biancamaria D'Onofrio & Bertrand Wigniolle, 2010. "Imperfect competition, technical progress and capital accumulation," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 6(4), pages 355-366, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    imperfect competition; capital accumulation; altruism;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • D9 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics
    • D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy; Intergenerational Transfers

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