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Curbing the Growth of Stock Trading? Order-to-Trade Ratios and Financial Transaction Taxes

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  • Gunther Capelle-Blancard

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

The growth of financial markets provokes regular debate, particularly in Europe, and in the aftermath of the global crisis a number of reforms have been proposed. In particular, two regulatory measures have been put forward: order-to-trade ratios and transaction taxes. This paper aims to quantify the impact of such initiatives. To do so, I consider market liquidity and volatility in the Italian Stock Exchange (Borsa Italiana) over the 2011-2013 period, which provides a unique opportunity for empirical assessment: first, a penalty for high order-to-trade ratios (OTR) was implemented in April 2012; second, a transaction tax on securities (STT) was introduced in March 2013 on Italian large and mid-caps; third, this tax was extended to derivatives in September 2013 (FTT). No other country has gone so far in terms of financial market regulation. I identify causality via a difference-in-difference approach (with German firms and Italian small caps, when appropriate, as control groups) and a regression discontinuity design. I find that neither the OTR nor the STT/FTT had a meaningful impact on market liquidity or volatility. There was however a substantial drop in OTC trading.

Suggested Citation

  • Gunther Capelle-Blancard, 2017. "Curbing the Growth of Stock Trading? Order-to-Trade Ratios and Financial Transaction Taxes," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01441828, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01441828
    DOI: 10.1016/j.intfin.2017.02.004
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01441828
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    1. Hvozdyk, Lyudmyla & Rustanov, Serik, 2016. "The effect of financial transaction tax on market liquidity and volatility: An Italian perspective," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 62-78.
    2. Alexandros Gabrielsen & Massimiliano Marzo & Paolo Zagaglia, 2011. "Measuring market liquidity: An introductory survey," Papers 1112.6169, arXiv.org.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial Transaction Tax; Securities Transaction Tax;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies

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