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The Impact of Same-Sex Marriage on Hawaii's Economy and Government: An Update After the U.S. Supreme Court's Same-Sex Marriage Decisions


  • Sumner La Croix

    () (University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization Department of Economics, University of Hawai'i–Manoa Global Public Health and Population Studies Program, University of Hawai'i–Manoa)

  • Lauren Gabriel

    () (William S. Richardson School of Law, University of Hawai'i–Manoa)


This report provides an update on the potential impact of marriage equality in Hawai'i on the state’s economy in light of the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent DOMA and Proposition 8 decisions. We find that marriage equality is likely to lead to substantial increases in Hawai'i visitor arrivals, visitor spending, and state and county general excise tax revenues due to pent-up demand for same-sex marriage. Over the 2014-2016 period, we estimate that additional visitor spending due to marriage equality would amount to $217 million. The additional gains in visitor spending are time-sensitive: Spending by U.S. same-sex couples and their guests on honeymoons and marriages will be diverted to other states until Hawai'i recognizes marriage equality.

Suggested Citation

  • Sumner La Croix & Lauren Gabriel, 2013. "The Impact of Same-Sex Marriage on Hawaii's Economy and Government: An Update After the U.S. Supreme Court's Same-Sex Marriage Decisions," Working Papers 201312, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hai:wpaper:201312

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    More about this item


    same-sex; marriage; visitors; spending; tourism; Hawai‘i;

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • K36 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Family and Personal Law
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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