IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Political Economy of Protecting Unique Recreational Resources: Hanauma Bay, Hawaii


  • James E.T. Moncur

    () (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

  • James Mak

    () (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)


The impact of tourism growth on the environment has become an increasingly important public issue in travel destinations. We review Honolulu's recent experience in designing management strategies to protect one of its most popular, unique, and endangered natural recreational resources, Hanauma Bay Nature Park. We explain why Honolulu City Council members first adopted non-price rationing techniques to reduce visits at the park and later added an admission fee only to replace it with a lower and less efficiency-enhancing fee structure. Lawmakers desire (a) a quality environment, (b) to collect economic rents (i.e., achieve economic efficiency) for the benefit of the general public, and yet must (c) achieve a political equilibrium. As Honolulu's experience demonstrates, goals (a) and (b) often conflict with (c), yielding typically a second-best outcome. Efficiency can be attained only if it is also consistent with attaining political equilibrium.

Suggested Citation

  • James E.T. Moncur & James Mak, 1997. "Political Economy of Protecting Unique Recreational Resources: Hanauma Bay, Hawaii," Working Papers 199708, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hai:wpaper:199708

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Brown, Katrina & Adger, W. Neil & Tompkins, Emma & Bacon, Peter & Shim, David & Young, Kathy, 2001. "Trade-off analysis for marine protected area management," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 417-434, June.
    2. Brander, Luke M. & Van Beukering, Pieter & Cesar, Herman S.J., 2007. "The recreational value of coral reefs: A meta-analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 209-218, June.
    3. Penn, Jerrod & Hu, Wuyang & Cox, Linda J. & Kozloff, Lara, 2012. "Beach Quality and Recreational Values: A Pictorialized Stated Preference Analysis of Residents and Tourists," 2012 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2012, Birmingham, Alabama 119813, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    4. Jerrod Penn & Wuyang Hu & Linda Cox & Lara Kozloff, 2016. "Values for Recreational Beach Quality in Oahu, Hawaii," Marine Resource Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(1), pages 47-62.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hai:wpaper:199708. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Web Technician). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.