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Knowledge economics and underlying weaknesses in premises governing local policies on technology

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  • Marie-Claude BELIS-BERGOUIGNAN (E3i, IFReDE-GRES)
  • Christophe CARRINCAZEAUX (E3i, IFReDE-GRES)

Abstract

In the literature, the local dimension of technology policies is often analysed from one dominant point of view, that of the localised character of knowledge externalities. It is nonetheless widely acknowledged that the globalisation process in the ‘knowledge economy’ has implicitly taken on a double (global and local) dimension. But even when this principle has been taken into account, problems still arise when it comes to determining any precise geographical limits. This paper seeks to question the present basis of public policies driving the technological field at the local level. The first part of this paper presents a critical appraisal of localisation analyses with regard to innovative activities exclusively based on the role of knowledge. This discussion leads us to recommend a methodological re-positioning in terms of ‘proximity economies’. In our second part, we endeavour to show that the former stress on local dimensions has brought about a ‘localist’ drift, which is identifiable if only through the insufficiencies of the line of argument upon which these policies are being founded. This leads us, in our third part, to show, on the basis of examples, that identifying the knowledge premises behind local technological policies will require fresh research, most certainly in a more institutional direction.

Suggested Citation

  • Marie-Claude BELIS-BERGOUIGNAN (E3i, IFReDE-GRES) & Christophe CARRINCAZEAUX (E3i, IFReDE-GRES), 2004. "Knowledge economics and underlying weaknesses in premises governing local policies on technology," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2004-06, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  • Handle: RePEc:grs:wpegrs:2004-06
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    File URL: http://cahiersdugres.u-bordeaux4.fr/2004/2004-06.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Christophe CARRINCAZEAUX (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Spatial dynamics of innovation (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-21, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    2. Vincent Frigant, 2006. "Vers une politique sectorielle régionale ? Leçons à partir de l'histoire de l'industrie aérospatiale en Aquitaine," Post-Print hal-00157659, HAL.
    3. Paolo Seri, 2014. "The knowledge impact of new decentralized universities: an empirical study on Italy," Working Papers 1402, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2014.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agglomeration Coordination Knowledge economy Local policies on technology Localisation Processus d’innovation Proximity economies Research and development Science industry interactions Technological externalities;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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