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Les droits et libertés fondamentaux à l'épreuve de l'efficacité économique : une application à la politique de la concurrence

Listed author(s):
  • Frédéric Marty

    (GREDEG CNRS
    University of Nice Sophia Antipolis
    OFCE - Sciences Po. Paris)

La place croissante que revêt l'analyse économique dans le contentieux juridique, y compris dans le contentieux constitutionnel, pose la question de son impact sur les droits et libertés fondamentaux. Ces derniers peuvent être mis en balance avec la logique de l'efficacité. Dans le droit de la concurrence de l’Union Européenne, la mise en oeuvre d'une approche plus économique (ou approche par les effets) et la montée en puissance des procédures négociées (souvent justifiée par des gains d'efficience en termes procéduraux) constituent un exemple d'évolution de la pratique décisionnelle pouvant mettre en jeu non seulement les droits de propriété et la liberté contractuelle des firmes mais aussi le contrôle juridictionnel lui-même. Cet exemple nous conduit à nous interroger sur l'analyse économique de ces deux droits fondamentaux. Nous insistons sur la diversité des approches économiques en la matière en confrontant les approches de l'analyse économique du droit à celles du vieil institutionnalisme et de l'approche autrichienne.

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File URL: http://www.gredeg.cnrs.fr/working-papers/GREDEG-WP-2016-03.pdf
File Function: First version, 2016
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Paper provided by Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis in its series GREDEG Working Papers with number 2016-03.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2016
Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2016-03
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