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Les droits et libertés fondamentaux à l'épreuve de l'efficacité économique : une application à la politique de la concurrence

Author

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  • Frédéric Marty

    (GREDEG CNRS
    University of Nice Sophia Antipolis
    OFCE - Sciences Po. Paris)

Abstract

La place croissante que revêt l'analyse économique dans le contentieux juridique, y compris dans le contentieux constitutionnel, pose la question de son impact sur les droits et libertés fondamentaux. Ces derniers peuvent être mis en balance avec la logique de l'efficacité. Dans le droit de la concurrence de l’Union Européenne, la mise en oeuvre d'une approche plus économique (ou approche par les effets) et la montée en puissance des procédures négociées (souvent justifiée par des gains d'efficience en termes procéduraux) constituent un exemple d'évolution de la pratique décisionnelle pouvant mettre en jeu non seulement les droits de propriété et la liberté contractuelle des firmes mais aussi le contrôle juridictionnel lui-même. Cet exemple nous conduit à nous interroger sur l'analyse économique de ces deux droits fondamentaux. Nous insistons sur la diversité des approches économiques en la matière en confrontant les approches de l'analyse économique du droit à celles du vieil institutionnalisme et de l'approche autrichienne.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Marty, 2016. "Les droits et libertés fondamentaux à l'épreuve de l'efficacité économique : une application à la politique de la concurrence," GREDEG Working Papers 2016-03, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
  • Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2016-03
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    droits fondamentaux; économie du droit; vieil institutionnalisme; droit constitutionnel; droit de la concurrence de l'Union Européenne;

    JEL classification:

    • B13 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Neoclassical through 1925 (Austrian, Marshallian, Walrasian, Wicksellian)
    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
    • B53 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Austrian
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • K21 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Antitrust Law

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