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The Monetary and Fiscal History of Peru, 1960-2017


  • Cesar Martinelli

    (Interdisciplinary Center for Economic Science and Department of Economics, George Mason University)

  • Marco Vega

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Peru’ and Universidad Cat’olica del Peru Ì)


We show that Peru’s chronic inflation through the 1970s and 1980s was the result of the need for inflationary taxation in a regime of fiscal dominance of monetary policy. Hyperinflation occurred when debt accumulation became unavailable, and a populist administration engaged in a counterproductive policy of price controls and loose credit. We interpret the fiscal diculties preceding the stabilization as a process of social learning to live within the realities of fiscal budget balance. The credibility of the policy regime change in the 1990s may be linked ultimately to the change in public opinion giving proper incentives to politicians, after the traumatic consequences of the hyperstagflation of 1987–1990.

Suggested Citation

  • Cesar Martinelli & Marco Vega, 2018. "The Monetary and Fiscal History of Peru, 1960-2017," Working Papers 1068, George Mason University, Interdisciplinary Center for Economic Science, revised Apr 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:gms:wpaper:1068

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    Cited by:

    1. Álvaro Jiménez & Gabriel Rodríguez, 2020. "Time-Varying Impact of Fiscal Shocks over GDP Growth in Peru: An Empirical Application using Hybrid TVP-VAR-SV Models," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2020-489, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.

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